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Differences between the Mal'ta / Buret' Figurines and those of the Kostenki culture


  Kostenki venus figures Mal'ta - Buret' venus figures
Head A Hair or hairstyle relatively short, occupying the upper part of the skull, or hair or hairstyle, not shown. Hair or hairstyle long, framing the face.
Hair or hairstyle exceptionally marked by incisions of various shapes. Hair or hairstyle usually marked by incisions, often in the form of small crescents.
B Facial features absent (they occur indistinctly on a single isolated head). Facial features shown (14 examples of 23 figures).
Neck C Neck shown clearly, neck width less than or equal to 2/3 of the width of the head. Neck hardly indicated.
Torso D Breasts modelled, more or less voluminous. Breasts flat or absent, they are only shown by engraving on the torso.
E Belly more or less prominent. Flat stomach.
Lower
limbs
F Pelvis significantly wider than the torso. Pelvis same width as the torso.
G Indentation (in profile) between the buttocks and thighs. Indentation (in profile) between the small of the back and the buttocks (buttocks raised).
H Articulated leg (bent knees). Non-articulated legs (legs straight).
I Lower ends of legs separated from one another, without basal perforation. Legs ending in a point, sometimes with basal perforation (6 cases).
Clothing J No clothing, or simple bands of ornament. Clothing sometimes indicated over the whole body.
Style   Modelled sculpture. Modelling much more mediocre; secondary relief (breast, stomach) are not shown, the whole figure retains the shape of the original raw material.




SectorBearWolfFoxHyenaPanthersWildcatsMartenIbexRoe DeerDeerLarge BovidHorse
Morel Chamber20     1081011   
Chamber of the Bear Hollows, scree1044121 1175373111
Chamber of the Bear Hollows304      2   1
Brunel Chamber6921    18  1? 
Cactus Gallery72           
Bretelle Gallery48           
Red panels Gallery3213          
Candle Gallery, Threshold47           
Candle Gallery103           
Hillaire Chamber, before the Large Collapse484           
Hillaire Chamber, after the Large Collapse157           
Skull Chamber432           
Gallery of the Cross Hatching129           
Megaloceros Gallery232 30         
End Chamber221           
Belvedere Gallery201 1 (1?)  10     
Total370318321111936714122

The number of bones of mammalian species identified in the different accessible areas inside Chauvet Cave

Philippe et Fosse (2003)

SectorBearWolfFoxHyenaPanthersWildcatsMartenIbexRoe DeerDeerLarge BovidHorse
Morel Chamber20     1081011   
Chamber of the Bear Hollows, scree1044121 1175373111
Chamber of the Bear Hollows304      2   1
Brunel Chamber6921    18  1? 
Cactus Gallery72           
Bretelle Gallery48           
Red panels Gallery3213          
Candle Gallery, Threshold47           
Candle Gallery103           
Hillaire Chamber, before the Large Collapse484           
Hillaire Chamber, after the Large Collapse157           
Skull Chamber432           
Gallery of the Cross Hatching129           
Megaloceros Gallery232 30         
End Chamber221           
Belvedere Gallery201 1 (+1?)  10     
Totals370318321111936714122


The number of cave bear skulls identified in the different accessible areas

Philippe et Fosse (2003)

SectorSkulls Condition (complete / fragmentary)
Morel Chamber- / 1
Chamber of the Bear Hollows, scree10 / 05
Chamber of the Bear Hollows04/03
Brunel Chamber02 / 04
Cactus Gallery02 / 02
Bretelle Gallery 
Red Panels Gallery09 / 03
Rouzaud Chamber3 / -
Candle Gallery, Threshold03 / 01
Candle Gallery17 / 01
Hillaire Chamber, before the Large Collapse 35 /  -
Hillaire Chamber, after the Large Collapse 9 / -
Skull Chamber53 / -
Gallery of the Cross Hatching 7 / -
Megaloceros Gallery2 / -
End Chamber 13 / -
Belvedere Gallery 1 / -
Total190

Table: Don Hitchcock, translated and adapted from Delporte (1979)

References

  1. Abramova Z., 1995: L'Art paléolithique d'Europe orientale et de Sibérie., Grenoble: Jérôme Millon.
  2. Bednarik R., 2010: An overview of Asian palaeoart of the Pleistocene, IFRAO Congress, September 2010 – Symposium: Pleistocene art of Asia (Pre-Acts)
  3. Childe, V.G., 1950: Cave Men's Buildings Antiquity, Volume: 24 Number: 93 Page: 4–11
  4. Clark G., 1967: The Stone Age Hunters, McGraw-Hill, 1967
  5. Cohen C., 2003: La femme des origines. Images de la femme dans la préhistoire occidentale,, Paris, Belin-Herscher, 2003, 191 pages.
  6. Delporte H., 1979: L'image de la femme dans l'art préhistorique, Paris, Picard.
  7. Jelinek J., 1972: Das grosse Bilderlexikon des Menschen in der Vorzeit, Gütersloh. Bertelsmann-Lexikon-Verlag, P. 333
  8. Nelson, E., 1881: Eskimos about the Bering Strait
  9. Soffer, O., Adovasio, M., Hyland D., 2001: Reply to 'More on the Venus Figurines', Current Anthropology, Volume 42, Number 3, June 2001, pp 410-412


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