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Coptic and Islamic textiles and relief panels from Egypt



Coptic textiles


Cushion cover

Cushion with a decorative panel: two men among grapevines, framed by animal medallions, 5th century AD.

Catalog: Linen, Antinoöpolis, ÄS 4287
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München





 Great credit should be given to the master craftspeople from the Ägyptischen Museum München who have put this exhibition together. Their artistry and technical skills are without peer.

I am staggered at the knowledge of woven and decorated textiles that the exhibitors have demonstrated in this world class exposition. Visitors to this page should examine carefully the way that the people responsible have used art concealing art - most of the woven textiles have had to be extremely carefully stretched, positioned and mounted on carefully chosen suitable substrates, to give the best possible presentation, thus hiding to some extent the knowledge and supreme technical and artistic skills necessary to display the textiles to best effect, so that it appears effortless. In many cases it is very difficult to see where the original textile leaves off and the backing begins, to complete the whole. These people are professionals, and it shows - Don 




A remarkable number of Coptic textiles survive today, due to the Coptic custom of burying them with the dead, and to the aridity of Egyptian graves. The textiles are commonly linen or wool and use the colours red, blue, yellow, green, purple, black and brown. The dyes were derived from madder, indigo, woad, saffron, the murex shell, and the kermes insect.

The first looms used were horizontal low-warp; vertical high-warp looms were introduced later. The basic garment was the tunic, which would become the dalmatic, a wide-sleeved long, loose vestment open at the sides. Some tunics were woven in one piece. They were decorated by clavi, vertical strips of ornamentation, a stylistic import from Rome.

Some fine examples of the Coptic textile are shown in museums all over the world and a large collection is in the Coptic Museum in Coptic Cairo. Tens of thousands of coloured fragments found their way into the museums of the world, especially after 1889 when the French archaeologist Albert Gayet published a catalogue of Coptic art and, in the Bulaq Museum, staged the first exhibition of Coptic monuments.

The early Coptic textiles still produced pictures and decoration incorporating Egyptian and Greek motifs. Shrouds, for example, might incorporate classical elements painted in the form of an Egyptian sarcophagus and include representations of Egyptian gods to protect the dead. Later coptic textiles showed the influence of Byzantium and later, Islamic art.
Text above: Wikipedia



Egyptian Chronology


Egyptian Chronology
      Date          Culture          Duration     
11 000 BC Jebel Sahaba  
Before 8 000 BC - Palaeolithic in Europe and Northern Asia
8 000 BC - Nominal end of the Ice Age
8 600 - 4 400 BC Nabta Playa Neolithic 4 200 years
6 100 - 5 180 BC    Qarunian (formerly known as Fayum B)     920 years
5 200 - 4 200 BC Fayum A 1 000 years
4 800 - 4 200 BC Merimde 600 years
4 600 - 4 400 BC El Omari 200 years
4 400 - 4 000 BC Badarian 400 years
4 000 - 3 300 BC Maadi 700 years
4 000 - 3 500 BC Naqada I 500 years
3 500 - 3 200 BC Naqada II 300 years
3 200 - 3 100 BC Naqada III 100 years
3 100 - 2 670 BC Early Dynastic 586 years
2 670 - 2 181 BC Old Kingdom 505 years
2 181 - 2 025 BC First Intermediate Period 156 years
2 025 - 1 700 BC Middle Kingdom 325 years
1 700 - 1 550 BC Second Intermediate Period 150 years
1 550 - 1 077 BC New Kingdom 473 years
1 077 - 664 BC Third Intermediate Period 413 years
664 - 525 BC Late Period 139 years
525 - 404 BC First Persian Period 121 years
404 - 343 BC Late Dynastic Period 61 years
343 - 332 BC Second Persian Period 11 years
332 - 305 BC Macedonian Period 27 years
305 - 30 BC Ptolemaic Period 275 years
30 BC - 395 AD Roman Period 425 years
395 AD - 640 AD Byzantine Period 245 years
640 AD - 1517 AD Islamic Period 877 years
1517 AD - 1867 AD Ottoman Period
(French Occupation 1798-1801)
350 years
1867 AD - 1914 AD Khedival Period 47 years
1914 AD - 1922 AD Sultanate under Hussein Kamel,
as a British Protectorate
8 years
1922 AD - 1953 AD Monarchy 31 years
1953 AD - Present Day Republic  


Table of dates for the history of Egypt, adapted from various sources.


img_6366men_or_godssm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Medallion

Fragment from a tunic: medallion with two standing men (?) with nimbi, 3rd - 4th century AD.

( A nimbus is a luminous cloud or halo about a god or goddess when on earth - Don )

Catalog: Wool, ÄS 7251
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München



IMG_6402reliefpanelsm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Moulding

Moulding, a double grape vine with leaves and bunches of grapes, 3rd - 4th centuries AD.

Catalog: Bone, ÄS 5935
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




IMG_6377youngmansm IMG_6378flutesm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Relief Panels

Relief panels: young man with a basket of fruit, shepherd playing the flute, 3rd - 5th centuries AD.

Catalog: Bone, ÄS 5925, ÄS 5923
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




IMG_6404reliefpanelsm


Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Moulding

Moulding with scrollwork, 3rd - 5th centuries AD.

Catalog: Bone, ÄS 5933
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




IMG_6405mouldingsm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Moulding

Moulding with scrollwork, 3rd - 5th centuries AD.

Catalog: Bone, ÄS 5931
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




IMG_6381sleevesm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Sea Nymphs

Fragment of a sleeve with a double trim: riding Nereids, Sea Nymphs, 4th - 5th centuries AD.

( Nereids were sea nymphs from Greek mythology, who helped sailors in danger on the seas - Don )

Catalog: Wool on linen, ÄS 6044
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




Coptic textiles
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Medallion

Medallion with dancing Erote, 4th - 5th centuries AD.

The Erotes are a group of winged gods associated with love and sex in Greek mythology.

Catalog: Wool and linen, ÄS 7239
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München
Additional text: Wikipedia




Coptic textiles Coptic textiles


Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Medallions

Two Medallions with dancing pairs among grapevines (bucolic motif), 4th - 5th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool and linen, ÄS 7242, ÄS 5964
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




Coptic textiles, whose production began in the third and fourth centuries AD in Egypt, were hand woven with unbleached linen warps and dyed wool wefts and frequently featured woollen tapestry decoration. Men's garments were done in sedate colours with monochrome interlace motifs while women favoured floral and figural decorations. During the Early Coptic period (3rd - 4th centuries AD) , the primary decorative themes were taken from nature and mythology. By the middle period (5th - 7th centuries AD), depictions included abstract natural elements and Christian symbolism.

Text above: Deacon & McFarland (2014)

Coptic medallion
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Medallion

Orphrey (highly detailed embroidery, in which typically simple materials are made into complex patterns) from a tunic: medallion showing a kneeling man with a halo, 4th - 5th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool and linen, ÄS 5984
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München
Additional text: Wikipedia




Coptic figure
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Maenad

Fragment of a tunic with a dancing Maenad, 4th - 5th centuries AD.

In Greek mythology, maenads were the female followers of Dionysus and the most significant members of the Thiasus, the god's retinue. Their name literally translates as 'raving ones'. Maenads were known as Bassarids, Bacchae, or Bacchantes in Roman mythology after the penchant of the equivalent Roman god, Bacchus, to wear a bassaris or fox-skin.

Often the maenads were portrayed as inspired by Dionysus into a state of ecstatic frenzy through a combination of dancing and intoxication. During these rites, the maenads would dress in fawn skins and carry a thyrsus, a long stick wrapped in ivy or vine leaves and tipped with a pine cone. They would weave ivy-wreaths around their heads or wear a bull helmet in honour of their god, and often handle or wear snakes.

These women were mythologised as the 'mad women' who were nurses of Dionysus in Nysa: Lycurgus 'chased the Nurses of the frenzied Dionysus through the holy hills of Nysa, and the sacred implements dropped to the ground from the hands of one and all, as the murderous Lycurgus struck them down with his ox-goad'. They went into the mountains at night and practiced strange rites.

Catalog: Wool and linen on linen, ÄS 7248
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München
Additional text: Wikipedia




Medallion
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Medallion from a Tunic

Medallion from a tunic: winged genius (god) within a wreath of fish and aquatic plants, 4th - 5th centuries AD.

( note that although this is catalogued as wool, it looks more like linen that has been painted with a design - Don )

Catalog: Wool, Ashmunein, ÄS 5988
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




IMG_6423figureinfurssm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Figure in Furs

Fragment of a drapery with a standing figure clothed in furs (shepherd?), 4th - 5th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool on linen, ÄS 5963
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




Centaur
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Orphrey from a Tunic

Orphrey from a tunic: centaur framed by cross elements, 4th - 5th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool on linen, ÄS 7246
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




IMG_6376anglersm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Angler

Trim with a line fisherman, framed by a decorative wave scroll frieze, 4th - 5th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool on linen, ÄS 5561
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




IMG_6382reliefsm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Relief Panel

Relief panel: Hunter with a bear, 4th - 6th centuries AD.

Catalog: Bone, ÄS 5916
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




Medallion relief
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Relief panels

Depictions of the goddess Aphrodite, 4th - 6th centuries AD.

( the sculpture on the left is very well done, but if the relief panel on the right was meant to be an erotic depiction of Aphrodite, the sculptor has failed miserably - Don )

Catalog: Bone, Alexandria, ÄS 4225, ÄS 5859
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




Orphrey
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Orphrey

Orphrey, a cross framed by arabesques., 4th - 6th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool on linen, Schech Abade, Antinoöpolis, Egypt, ÄS 5985
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




Coptic textiles
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Wall hanging

Fragment of a wall hanging, with lions and floral elements, 4th - 6th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool on Linen
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




Coptic textiles
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Wall hanging

Fragment of a wall hanging, with a female figure, 4th - 6th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool, ÄS 6045
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




Coptic painting Coptic painting Coptic painting



Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Furniture inlays

Three furniture inlays with genii (deities) of the seasons, 4th - 6th centuries AD.

Catalog: Bone, ÄS 5861, ÄS 5862, ÄS 5863
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




Coptic textiles


Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Tunic fragment

Fragment of a tunic, vases among grapevines, 4th - 6th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool on linen, ÄS 61c
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




Coptic mouldings



Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Mouldings

Mouldings with grapevines, 4th - 6th centuries AD.

Catalog: Bone, ÄS 5936, ÄS 5937, ÄS 5938
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München



Coptic mouldings Coptic mouldings



Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Mouldings

Mouldings with grapevines, 4th - 6th centuries AD.

Catalog: Bone, ÄS 5941, ÄS 5942
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




Coptic textiles Coptic textiles


Coptic textiles Coptic textiles


Coptic textiles
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Orphreys

Orphreys from tunics: medallions with floral and ornamental patterns, 4th - 6th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool and Linen, ÄS 688, ÄS 7240, ÄS 7241, ÄS 7245, ÄS 7250
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




IMG_6419reliefpanelsm IMG_6420reliefpanelsm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Relief Panels

(left) Moulding with a cherub and bunches of grapes above a vase, 4th - 6th centuries AD.

(right) Moulding with a cherub and hare among grape vines, 4th - 6th centuries AD.

Catalog: Bone
(left) ÄS 5920
(right) ÄS 5919, ÄS 5932
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




Coptic textiles
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Orphrey from a tunic.

Orphrey from a tunic: Triumphator (one granted a triumph in ancient Rome) holding a victory wreath and driving a quadriga (chariot drawn by four horses abreast), with a putto (representation of a naked child), 5th century AD.

An orphrey is a highly detailed embroidery, in which typically simple materials are made into complex patterns.

Catalog: Wool on linen, ÄS 4236
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




Coptic textiles
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Cushion cover

Cushion with a decorative panel: two men among grapevines, framed by animal medallions, 5th century AD.

Catalog: Linen, Antinoöpolis, ÄS 4287
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




relief panel
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Relief panel

Shepherd with a basket of fruit, 5th century AD.

Catalog: Bone, ÄS 4219
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




img_6365copticriderandhorsesm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Orphrey

Orphrey from a tunic: medallion with a rider within a frieze of grapevines, 5th century AD.

Catalog: Wool and linen, ÄS 5562
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München



Coptic tunic
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Tunic fragment

Fragment from the breast of a tunic with animals, and dancers beneath, 5th - 6th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool and linen
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




IMG_6422patternwithflowerssm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Wall Hanging or Coverlet

Wall hanging or coverlet, with a pattern of stemmed buds with three petals, 5th - 6th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool on linen, Antinoöpolis, ÄS 4244
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




IMG_6412panelsm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Decorated Panel

Fragment of a panel with stylised decoration - a red leaf, a fruit basket, and a green bird, 5th - 6th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool on linen, ÄS 4266
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




IMG_6379bucolicscenesm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Bucolic Scene

Trim with a bucolic scene, framed by doves and bunches of grapes, 5th - 6th centuries AD.

( a landowner sits on a carved stone seat, benevolently watching his dog at his feet, while his goat is up to no good in the grapevines - Don )

Catalog: Wool on linen, ÄS 4286
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




IMG_6374boysfishingsm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Nile scene

Fragments of a cloth: Nile scene with a young boy fishing in a boat, surrounded by fish and plants, 5th - 6th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool on linen, Antinoöpolis, ÄS 4262
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




img_6367orphrey_busts_wave_bordersm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Orphrey

Orphrey from a tunic: busts and naked figures, framed by a wave scroll frieze, 5th - 6th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool and linen, Antinoöpolis, ÄS 4253
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München



Coptic textiles Coptic textiles


Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Fragments of decorative strips

Two fragments from decorative strips (Clavi) with running lions. 5th - 6th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool on linen, ÄS 5518, ÄS 7255
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




IMG_6383reliefsm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Relief Panel

Relief panel: Standing warrior, 6th century AD.

Catalog: Bone, ÄS 5914
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




IMG_6414trimsm


Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Trim

Fragments from a trim, cherubs below leaf ornaments, 6th century AD.

Catalog: Wool on linen, Antinoöpolis, ÄS 4247
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




IMG_6375fish_haresm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Plants and animals

Fragment of a decorative band (clavus) with plants and animals (fish, the head of a hare), 6th - 7th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool on linen, Antinoöpolis, ÄS 4256
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




IMG_6410panelsm

Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Trim

Fragment of a trim for a tunic or a large drapery, with leaf ornaments, 6th - 7th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool, Antinoöpolis, ÄS 4263
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




IMG_6409textilesm

Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Patterned Panel

Panel with an alternating pattern, stylised heads and palmettes decorated with volutes ( spiral, scroll-like ornaments - Don ), 6th - 7th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool, Antinoöpolis, ÄS 4254
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




IMG_6403pomegranatessm


Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Clavus

Fragment of a decorative band (clavus), with birds and pomegranates, 6th - 7th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool on linen, Antinoöpolis, ÄS 4267
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




img_6368orphrey_birds_naked_figuressm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Orphrey

Orphrey from a garment, with birds and naked figures surrounded by scrollwork, 6th - 7th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool and linen, Antinoöpolis, ÄS 4253
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München



IMG_6400clavussm


Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Band

Band with symmetrical decoration, stylised plants and human heads, 6th - 7th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool on linen, Antinoöpolis, ÄS 4268
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




IMG_6386sleevesm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Sleeve

Fragment of a sleeve with a double trim, scrollwork framing human figures and various animals, 6th - 9th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool on linen, Antinoöpolis, ÄS 4246
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




img_6372orphreysm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Orphrey

Orphrey with geometric ornaments, 7th - 8th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool and linen, ÄS 61a
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München



img_6371sleeve_trimsm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Sleeve trim

Sleeve trim from a tunic with abstract floral elements, 7th - 8th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool and linen, ÄS 7254
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München



IMG_6406clavussm


Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Clavus

Fragment from a decorative band (clavus), stylised floral elements, 7th - 8th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool on linen, ÄS 614
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




IMG_6411medallionsm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Medallion

Medallion with a tree amidst geometric decorations, 7th - 8th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool on linen, ÄS 7243
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




IMG_6401clavussm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Clavus

Fragment from a decorative band (clavus), floral elements and hares, 7th - 8th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool on linen, ÄS 7249
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




img_6370clavussm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Clavus

Decorative band (clavus) with abstract floral elements, 7th - 8th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool and linen, ÄS 7252
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München



Coptic textiles
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Fragment of a coverlet or wall hanging

Fragment of a coverlet or wall hanging with a rider and a medallion, 7th - 8th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool and linen, ÄS 4228b
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




Coptic textiles
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Fragment of a coverlet or wall hanging

Fragment of a coverlet or wall hanging depicting riders, 7th - 8th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool and linen, ÄS 4228c-d
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




Coptic textiles
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Medallions

Fragment from a band of cloth with ornamental patterns in two identical medallions, 7th - 8th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool and Linen, ÄS 5519
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




IMG_6389cornucopiassm IMG_6390palmettesandcornucopiassm


Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Clavus and sleeve

Clavus and sleeve trim from a tunic, including palmettes ( an ornament of radiating petals like a palm leaf - Don ) and cornucopias, 7th - 8th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool on linen, Antinoöpolis, ÄS 4260b, ÄS 4252
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




IMG_6391figuresandfruitsm IMG_6392figuresandfruitssm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Clavus

Two fragments from a decorative band (clavus), showing stylised figures and fruit baskets, 7th - 8th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool and linen, Antinoöpolis, ÄS 4251, ÄS 4255
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München



IMG_6394swansm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Clavus

Fragment of a decorative band (clavus). A swan or heron is shown, as well as a floral motif, 7th - 8th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool and linen, Antinoöpolis, ÄS 4259
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München



IMG_6395textilesm IMG_6396textilesm IMG_6397clavussm


Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Clavus

Three fragments from a decorative band (clavus), including stylised figures and a wave scroll frieze, 7th - 8th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool and linen, Antinoöpolis, ÄS 4258c, ÄS 4258a, ÄS 4264
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München



IMG_6417lionmedallionssm


Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Medallions

Fragment from a cloth, two medallions with dogs, 7th - 8th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool on linen, ÄS 7247
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




img_6360coptictextilesm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Trim for a garment

Trim for a garment with floral and geometric elements, 7th - 9th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool and linen, Antinoöpolis, ÄS 4243
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München



IMG_6416decoratedclothsm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Plants and animals

Fragment of a decorative cloth with an ornamental pattern, 7th - 9th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool on linen, ÄS 7253
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




img_6362clavussm img_6363clavus_2sm


Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Trim for a garment with floral and geometric elements

Trim and decorative band (clavus) from a tunic: diamond pattern with busts and birds, 8th - 9th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool and linen, Antinoöpolis, ÄS 4261, ÄS 4265
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München



IMG_6413medallionsm
Coptic period: 3rd - 8th centuries AD

Medallion

Fragment of a tunic, medallion with bird and animal motifs, 8th - 9th centuries AD.

Catalog: Wool on linen, Antinoöpolis, ÄS 4249
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




IMG_6418reliefpanelsm
Islamic period: 640 AD - 1 517 AD

Relief Panel

Moulding with grape vines and bunches of grapes, 9th - 10th centuries AD.

Catalog: Bone, ÄS 5940
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




Islamic textiles
Islamic period: 640 AD - 1 517 AD

Linen cloth

Fragment of cloth with a band of embroidery, 10th - 12th centuries AD.

Catalog: Linen, ÄS 61f
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München




Coptic textiles
Islamic period: 640 AD - 1 517 AD

Silk cloth

Fragment of fine silk cloth with a striped pattern, 13th - 14th centuries AD.

Catalog: Silk, ÄS 61e
Photo: Don Hitchcock 2015
Source and text: Ägyptischen Museum München









References

  1. Deacon D., McFarland C., 2014: War Imagery in Women's Textiles: An International Study of Weaving, Knitting, Sewing, Quilting, Rug Making and Other Fabric Arts, McFarland, 18 Jun. 2014 - Art - 260 pages
  2. Ellis M., 2001: Embroideries and Samplers from Islamic Egypt, Ashmolean Museum, 2001 - Design - 95 pages



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