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Pasiega Cave

plan by Breuil


Plan of La Pasiega, 1913.

Photo: Breuil et al. (1913)




painting
Red scalariform (ladder shaped) sign, panel 78 in hall XI of La Pasiega gallery C. This panel features the La Trampa pictorial group (21). (Inset) Crust sampled and analysed for a minimum age (64 800 BP), which constrains the age of the red line.

Photo: Hoffmann (2018)




painting



This excellent photo shows the scalariform sign in its local environment.

Photo: http://wksu.org/post/cave-art-may-have-been-handiwork-neanderthals




sampling scalariform
La Pasiega C, rectangular, scalariform motif with incomplete zoomorphs and red dots on Panel 78.

(left) Photo of the motif.

(right) Drawing by Breuil.

( note that only the ladder shaped image is thought to be by Neandertals. The other images are probably later additions - Don )

Photo and text: Hoffmann et al. (2018)




El Castillo
Valley of the Rio Pas at Puente Viesgo, Spain.

Over half way up the farther side of the prominent peak is the cave of La Pasiega and a little lower down on the side facing the river (within view) is the famous Castillo cave and grotto where man lived periodically almost from the earliest stone age down close to historic times.

Photo and text: Dickson (1915)




Pasiega outside
Outside La Pasiega.

The slope of Picacho, where the entrance to La Pasiega may be found.

Photo and text: Breuil et al. (1913)




Pasiega entree
Entrance to La Pasiega circa 1911.

The man in this photograph is Alejandro Mena Garay, right hand man of Obermaier and chief of the Spanish digging workers.

( My sincere thanks for this useful identification to Alejandro Mena Campuzano, his great grandson, p.c. - Don )

Photo and text: Breuil et al. (1913)




Pasiega entree
Entrance to La Pasiega in August 2016.

Photo: © Carmen F.
Source: Google Maps




sampling scalariform
Sampling details for PAS 34.

(a) Scalariform motif; the black rectangle denotes the area enlarged in (b).

(b) The scalpel points onto the carbonate crust before sampling.

(c) The carbonate crust after the surface was scraped for initial cleaning.

(d) The carbonate crust after sampling, red pigment is visible in the centre, clearly underlying the remaining carbonate.

Photo and text: Hoffmann et al. (2018)




map cantabria
La Pasiega cave is one of the caves of Monte Castillo, the locality shown here, in northern Spain.

Photo: Hoffmann et al. (2018)




map



Map of the El Castillo complex of limestone caves in which Cueva de La Pasiega is located.

It contains the most convincing evidence for Neanderthal art.

Photo: Hoffmann et al. (2018)




map


Satellite photograph from Google Earth of the El Castillo site.

The view has been tilted to indicate the local relief, with the cave complex on the limestone hill of Monte Castillo.

Photo: Google Earth




Salle_Piette

Plan of La Pasiega cave in Spain

Photo: José-Manuel Benito Álvarez —> Locutus Borg
Permission: GNU Free Documentation License, Version 1.2



map spain sites
Map of the Iberian Peninsula. The dots indicate the locations of three important cave sites.

1: La Pasiega

2: Maltravieso

3: Ardales

Photo: Hoffmann et al. (2018)




Pasiega wall paintings



Figures on the walls of Gallery A from La Pasiega.

Photo and text: Breuil et al. (1913)




Pasiega wall paintings
Gallery B

Black deer, incompletely conserved, situated at position 59 of the complete plan of the drawings of La Pasiega.

Photo and text: Breuil et al. (1913)




Pasiega wall paintings
Gallery B

Small horse painted in red (no. 50 on the plan) and an ibex of the same colour, with the haunches engraved (no. 47 on the plan)

Photo and text: Breuil et al. (1913)




Pasiega wall paintings
Gallery C

Plan of Salle XI, principal location of the wall paintings in Gallery C, with details of the positions of the panels.

Photo and text: Breuil et al. (1913)




Pasiega wall paintings
Gallery C

Black paintings from Gallery C, representing:

90: the horns of an ibex.
86: the dorsal line of a mammoth (?)
89: a small bison
67: a group of ibex, the rightmost of which has undergone the curious addition of a second ibex head looked at from behind, and using the horns of the first as a neck.

Photo and text: Breuil et al. (1913)




Pasiega wall paintings
Gallery C

Black paintings from Gallery C, representing:

Bison and Aurochs, no. 88 from the plan.

Photo and text: Breuil et al. (1913)




Pasiega wall paintings
Gallery C

Horse outlined in black, with another finely engraved, number 70 on the plan.

Photo and text: Breuil et al. (1913)




Pasiega wall paintings
Gallery C

Complex panel, engraved and painted, number 86 on the plan. The red claviform signs (horizontally striated) are the oldest; the black outlines overlay these, and are themselves intersected by engravings.

Photo and text: Breuil et al. (1913)




Pasiega wall paintings
Gallery C

Panel of engravings, Aurignacian in character, located at 61 and 62 on the plan in Salle VII, located between Gallery A and Gallery C, but nominally attributed to Gallery C. They are accompanied by some red dots.

Photo and text: Breuil et al. (1913)









References

  1. Alcalde del Rio H., Breuil H. & Sierra L., 1912: Les cavernes de la région cantabrique, Monaco, Vve A. Chêne, 265 p.
  2. Breuil, H., Obermaier, H., Alcalde Del Rio, H., 1913: La Pasiega à Puente-Viesgo (Santander) (Espagne), Imprimerie Artistique Vve A. Chêne, 1913
  3. Breuil, H., 1921: Nouvelles cavernes ornées paleolithiques dans la province de Málaga, L'Anthropology, T. XXXI, no. 34. Paris.
  4. Cantalejo P., Ramos J., Weniger G., Kehl M., del Mar Espejo M., 2014: Cueva de Ardales, Province of Malaga, Southern Mediterranean Coast, Guadalquivir River and Betic Intramontane Basins, Pleistocene and Holocene Hunter-Gatherers in Iberia and the Gibraltar Strait: The Current Archaeological Record, Universidad de Burgos 2014
  5. Dickson M., 1915: The American Museum Journal, Volume XV, 1915, NYC.
  6. Hoffmann, D., et al., 2018: U-Th dating of carbonate crusts reveals Neandertal origin of Iberian cave art, Science, 359 (6378), 912-915. DOI: 10.1126/science.aap7778, pp. 912–915 (2018) 23 February 2018





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