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Flageolet Tools


Le Flageolet I is a small, stratified rockshelter in the Dordogne valley of southwestern France, near the town of Bezenac. The site has important Upper Palaeolithic Aurignacian and Perigordian occupations.

Text above from http://archaeology.about.com/

Flageolet tools Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I, layers 1-3, excavations of J.-Ph. Rigaud.

Age: circa 24 000 BP.

Note that Lucas (2002) gives the age of layers 1-3 as 18 610 ± 440 BP.

Layer 4 is given an age of 22 950 ± 500 BP., and layer VIII (see the images below) is given an age of 26 860 ± 420 BP.

■   6: Grattoirs, scrapers on the end of a blade
■   7: Burins
■   8: Retouched tools
■ 11: Notched/denticulated tools

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I, layers 1-3, excavations of J.-Ph. Rigaud.

Age: circa 24 000 BP.

■ 10: Microliths

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Flageolet section





Sagittal section of the Flageolet I stratigraphy

Photo: Rigaud (1969)




Flageolet section





Flageolet I stratigraphy including dating for the layers.

Photo: Lucas (2002)




The following images of tools from Le Flageolet are from a separate display labelled as being from the Aurignacian, from a number of sites, at Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac.

Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I Layer VIII

Age: Recent Aurignacian.

Note that Lucas (2002) gives the age of layer VIII as 26 860 ± 420 BP.

Note also that the Aurignacian is generally considered to be 37 000 to 27 000 BP on the uncalibrated radiocarbon timescale, and between ca. 47 000 and 41 000 BP using the most recent calibration of the radiocarbon timescale according to Mellars (2006).

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I Layer VIII

Age: Recent Aurignacian.

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I Layer VIII

Age: Recent Aurignacian.

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I Layer VIII

Age: Recent Aurignacian.

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I Layer VIII

Age: Recent Aurignacian.

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I Layer VIII

Age: Recent Aurignacian.

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I Layer VIII

Age: Recent Aurignacian.

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I Layer VIII

Age: Recent Aurignacian.

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I Layer VIII

Age: Recent Aurignacian.

Photo: Pymouss
Permission: Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I Layer VIII

Age: Recent Aurignacian.

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I Layer VIII

Age: Recent Aurignacian.

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I Layer VIII

Age: Recent Aurignacian.

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I Layer VIII

Age: Recent Aurignacian.

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I Layer VIII

Age: Recent Aurignacian.

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I Layer VIII

Age: Recent Aurignacian.

Microliths.

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I Layer IX

Age: Middle Aurignacian.

Note that Lucas (2002) gives the age of layer IX as 29 840 ± 750 BP.

Note also that the Aurignacian is generally considered to be 37 000 to 27 000 BP on the uncalibrated radiocarbon timescale, and between ca. 47 000 and 41 000 BP using the most recent calibration of the radiocarbon timescale according to Mellars (2006).

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I Layer IX

Age: Middle Aurignacian.

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I Layer IX

Age: Middle Aurignacian.

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I Layer IX

Age: Middle Aurignacian.

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I Layer IX

Age: Middle Aurignacian.

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I Layer IX

Age: Middle Aurignacian.

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I Layer IX

Age: Middle Aurignacian.

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I Layer IX

Age: Middle Aurignacian.

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Flageolet tools
Le Flageolet I Layer IX

Age: Middle Aurignacian.

Photo: Don Hitchcock 2014
Source: Originals , Le Musée National de Préhistoire, Les Eyzies-de-Tayac




Le Flageolet I and IV are defined as being Middle Gravettian (Rayssian) by Eugène Morin, and the megafauna were 94.1% reindeer - Morin (2012)




References

  1. Lucas G., 2002: À propos des burins du Raysse du Flageolet i (Dordogne, France)Paléo, 14 | 2002, 63-76.
  2. Lucas G., 2012: Les lamelles Dufour du Flageolet 1 (Bézenac, Dordogne) dans le contexte aurignacien, Paléo, n° 9, 1997, pp. 191-219; doi : 10.3406/pal.1997.1233
  3. Mellars P., 2006: Archeology and the Dispersal of Modern Humans in Europe: Deconstructing the Aurignacian, Evolutionary Anthropology, vol. 15 (2006), pp. 167–182.
  4. Morin E., 2012: Reassessing Paleolithic Subsistence: The Neandertal and Modern Human Foragers of Saint-Césaire, tCambridge University Press, 19 Mar. 2012 - History - 358 pages
  5. Rigaud J.-Ph., 1969: Note préliminaire sur la stratigraphie du gisement du 'Flageolet - 1' (Commune de Bézenac), Dordogne.Bulletin de la Société préhistorique française, Comptes rendus des séances mensuelles, tome 66, n°3, 1969. pp. 73-75; doi : 10.3406/bspf.1969.10360
  6. Rigaud J.-Ph., 1982: Le Paléolithique en Périgord : les données du sud-ouest sarladais et leurs implications., Thèse de Doctorat es Sciences, Université de Bordeaux I, 494 p, ill.



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